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European Credit System ECTS

European Credit System ECTS

European Credit System ECTS

The European Credit Transfer and accumulation System (ECTS) is basically academic credit system based on the student workload required to achieve the objectives and learning outcomes of a module or programme of study. It is designed to enable academic recognition for periods of study, to facilitate student mobility and credit accumulation and transfer. The ECTS credit system is recommended for higher education across the Europe.

1. What are ECTS credits good for?

The ECTS makes student performance more transparent and comparable to all across European Union countries.

The benefits of ECTS for students are :

2. Where is ECTS credit system used?

ECTS credit system is mainly being used in the following seven European countries

European Credit System ECTS 3

3. How are ECTS credits calculated?

ECTS credits are basically a value allocated to course units to describe the student workload required to complete them. They reflect the quantity of work each course requires in relation to the total quantity of work required to complete a full year of academic study at the institution, i.e, lectures, practical work, seminars, private work in the laboratory, library or at home and examinations or other assessment activities. Upon completion of a course, seminar, module etc., you will be awarded with ECTS credit points. Every ECTS credit point represents the amount of workload.

Few examples of ECTS credits assigned as per degree type includes :

As per Germany, Romania and Hungary ECTS credit system 1 ECTS = 30 study hours of workload. ECTS credits are allocated to practical placements and to thesis preparation when these activities form part of the regular programme of study at both the home and host institutions.

4. What is ECTS grading scale?

The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) scale is a grading system designed to facilitate the transfer of academic results (Examination and assessment results are usually expressed in grades.) between different country assessment systems. It is adopted by many universities in the countries belonging to the European Higher Education Area, allowing the conversion of the grades from one country to another country.

Grade Cumulative % Definition
A 10 Outstanding performance with only minor errors
B 35 Above the average standard but with some errors
C 65 Generally sound work with a number of notable errors
D 90 Fair but with significant shortcomings
E ~100 Performance meets the minimum criteria
FX Fail – some more work required before the credit can be awarded
F Fail – considerable further work is required
Subject No. of Hours per week No. of weeks per semester Total No. of Hours
Digital Communication 4 (Classes) 16 64
4 (Assignment + Study hrs) 16 64
Grand Total = 128 Hours

No. of hrs per week x No. of weeks per semester = Total hours

4 hrs/week x 16 weeks = 64 total hrs

4 hours per week for self study or assignments X 16 weeks per semester = 64 total hours,

calculate the grand total of hours i.e approximately equal to 128 hours.

30 study hours = 1 ECTS credit point

i.e., 128 hrs / 30 hrs = 4.2 CP approximately 4 credit for "Digital Communication"

3 hrs X 16 weeks = 48 hrs

Subject No. of Hours per week No. of weeks per semester Total No. of Hours
C Programming Lab 3 (Labs) 16 48
3 (Assignment + Study hrs) 16 48
Grand Total = 96 Hours

i.e., 3 hrs X 16 weeks = 48 hrs

i.e. 96 hrs / 30 hrs = 3.2 CP approximately 3 credit for "C programming Lab"


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